Ransomware is a threat in the cyber world that you should be aware if you do not want to lose your hard-earned money. You might have heard about the famous WannaCry Ransomware attack during the year 2017.
What is Ransomware? It is a computer malware that either encrypts the files or denies access to the files by locking the computers. Then, a ransom is demanded for the key to decrypt the files or to unlock the computers. Payment is the primary objective of the attacker, for which a range of payment methods are used. The most common payment methods are wire transfers, premium-rate text messages and pre-paid voucher services, such as the Paysafecard and Bitcoin, the digital currency.
How does Ransomware infect?
Generally, attackers use phishing or social engineering techniques to infect any digital devices, such as computer and mobile phones. The attackers send email messages with attachments that contain the malware to the victim’s email account. If the victim opened it without knowing the consequence, their computer will be infected with Ransomware.
The ransomware virus will lock the computer or encrypt the files in the computer. Then, a timer will be displayed with a warning to pay Ransom within specified time limit or to be ready to lose the files and folders in the computer. In some cases, a key will be provided by the attacker to unlock the computer on paying the Ransom. However, in most cases, victims ends up losing their data.
How to prevent Ransomware?
Visit only genuine and trusted websites: Do not visit suspicious, fake, and unsafe websites.
Open only relevant attachments: Do not open suspicious email attachments received from unknown people.
Install Internet Security Suite: Ensure that a reputed Internet Security Suite is installed.
Backup: Regularly backup your important data.
Ransomware removal: If your computer is affected by Ransomware, use a Ransomware removal tool to remove the infection.