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Password Cracking

As an Internet user, you may have passwords to access different accounts, such as your email, shopping, and banking. A password, in combination with a username, usually enables you to securely gain access to a specific account in the Internet. Therefore, you should ensure that you do not perform activities that compromises your password.

In today’s cyber world, there are various methods, such as brute force attack, to break or identify your passwords.

Password Cracking

A brute force attack is performed by hackers using a list of common password combinations to attempt and gain unauthorized access to the victim’s computers and files.

Some of the major reasons for password breach is as follows:

  • Using simple or weak passwords that are easy to guess, such as the name and anniversary or birthday dates
  • Using dictionary words as password
  • Maintaining the same password for prolonged period without changing
  • Storing the password physically either as a soft copy or as a hard copy
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How to protect?

Some of the measures to protect you from password cracking or compromise are listed here:,
Use two-factor authentication (2FA): In today’s cyber world, most of the websites provide two-factor authentication options. Ensure that you use them.
Do not use similar passwords: When you change the passwords, ensure that the new password is completely different from the existing one. Do not use similar passwords while changing.
Never share passwords: Do not share your password to anyone even to an authorized person, such as a bank official or an income tax department official.
Do not use common dictionary words: Some of the common dictionary words used as passwords are “Welcome” and “Secret”. Ensure that you do not use such passwords.
Use complex passwords: Ensure that you use complex passwords so that it is difficult to breach. For example, your password can be a mix of uppercase letters, lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters.
Change passwords frequently: It is a good practice to change your passwords in regular intervals, at least once in a month.
Use unique passwords: Ensure that you use unique passwords for each account, such as banking and shopping, so that even if the hacker gains access to one account, he or she cannot gain access to other accounts.

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There are numerous random password generator applications. Some of them are listed here:

Web applications: https://www.random.org/passwords
Desktop applications: http://pwgen-win.sourceforge.net

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Sujith

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