What is Malware and How can we prevent it?

Malware is an abbreviation for malicious software. Any software that has the malicious code is malware and is harmful because it compromises your data security. So, what is Malware and How can we prevent it? Let us check out.

Malware primarily focuses on compromising and stealing your data and deleting your documents. Some malware may also install harmful software without your knowledge and spy on your activities with an intention to cause you harm. 


Types of Malware

Some of the common types of malware include

Virus: Malware that performs malicious actions, such as crashing your digital devices and stealing or destroying data.

Computer worm: Malware that duplicate itself and spreads 

Trojan: Malware that attacks in multiple ways, such as crashing your digital devices, deleting your files, and stealing your confidential data

Adware: Software that downloads and displays advertisements when installing another software. An adware may not always be a malware.

Spyware: Software that deceives users as a desirable software or exploits the existing software vulnerabilities with the intention of spying.

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Scareware: Malware that creates panic or the perception of a threat to influence you to buy a fake software or perform a specific action.

Ransomware: Malware that deny access to the files and folders by locking your digital devices and requesting a ransom payment to unlock them.

How to detect Malware?

It may not always be easy to detect Malware. However, there are some symptoms that indicate the presence of Malware. Let us check them out.

Malware usually creates multiple infections in your digital devices, where your devices will depict unusual behaviors, such as reduced system performance, high CPU usage, and high network usage. Additionally, your devices may experience major stability issues, such as frequent crashing of the operating system, slowness of applications, and intermittent Internet connections.

How can we prevent Malware?

So, what is malware protection? and how can we prevent Malware?

The primary factor in protecting and mitigating malware threats is using a reputed anti-malware, or reputed antivirus with anti-spyware and keeping it up-to-date. Many of the reputed antivirus companies offer free antivirus software with basic features.

Additionally, some of the common ways to prevent a malware attack are listed here:

  • Regularly scan your digital devices to proactively detect malware threats.
  • Renew your antivirus or anti-malware subscription before they expire.
  • Ensure that your operating system is up-to-date.
  • If you are a novice user, it is recommended to install an Internet security suite.

How to Remove Malware?

If your digital devices are affected by malware, adhere to the listed steps to remove the malware:

  • Use the antivirus software to remove the malware.
  • If you do not have antivirus or your antivirus software is not able to remove the malware, use a virus removal tool for malware removal.

Most of the reputed antivirus companies offer free virus removal tools.

There are several malware examples on the Internet. One of the malware threats was the VPNFilter malware that infected 500,000 devices.

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